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The University of Freiburg offers undergraduate degree programs leading to a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.), a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.), a State Examination, or an Ecclesiastical Examination. Upon completing an initial degree you can work toward a Master of Arts (M.A.) or a Master of Science (M.Sc.). Holders of a master’s degree, a state examination, or an ecclesiastical examination are eligible to earn a doctoral degree (Dr.). It is also possible to earn various kinds of degrees in our continuing education programs [de].


Bachelor programs lead to initial professional qualifications. Students of fields in the humanities and the social sciences work toward a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.), while those in natural sciences, economics, and engineering fields as well as mathematics and psychology earn a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.).
B.A. programs consist of studies in a major and a minor field, complemented by practical courses (e.g., seminars) in the area of general professional skills (BOK). A B.Sc. program consists of studies in a major field or in a major and a minor field as well as professional skills courses.
All bachelor programs feature a modular structure, meaning that they are composed of various modules. A module can include, e.g., a lecture course and a seminar, and generally ends with an examination (system of continuous evaluation). Students receive ECTS credits for each module they complete with a passing grade. Bachelor programs at the University of Freiburg consist of 180 ECTS credits to be earned within a standard period of study of six semesters.


Upon completing an undergraduate degree, meaning in the most cases a bachelor’s degree, it is possible to enroll in a master program in order to pursue a career in academia or earn a professional specialization. A master’s degree is also generally the prerequisite for admission to a doctoral program. Master of Arts (M.A.) refers to a degree in the humanities or the social sciences, whereas the Master of Science (M.Sc.) may be earned in the natural sciences, economics, and engineering fields. Master programs at the University of Freiburg have a standard period of study of four semesters and require a total of 120 ECTS credits.

State Examination

The State Examination (Staatsexamen) is a degree program offered in certain fields which qualifies graduates to work as civil servants of the Federal Republic of Germany (teachers, judges) or in a state-regulated profession (doctors, lawyers, pharmacists). The examination regulations for these degree programs are determined individually by each state. The program is usually divided into two separate parts (First and Second State Examination). Graduates of the first part must complete a practical training phase before or during the second part.

Icon International In principle, it is also possible for international students to take the State Examination. However, graduates who are not citizens of an EU member country are only seldom granted permission by state authorities to work as a civil servant or in a state-regulated profession in Germany.


It is possible to earn a doctoral degree in any field offered at the University of Freiburg. The prerequisite for admission to a doctoral program is the completion of a course of study with excellent grades.
You must find a dissertation supervisor to supervise your doctoral thesis. Professors are free to decide whether to supervise a dissertation project, i.e., they are not obligated to admit a certain candidate.
A dissertation project is expected to lead to new findings in a particular field of research.
In some fields it is possible to earn a doctoral degree within the context of a doctoral research group, in which several doctoral candidates work on dissertation projects in a related subject area and meet regularly to present their findings and exchange ideas in colloquiums or conferences. Some of these groups offer scholarships to provide financial support for their members.
Many fields offer open doctoral colloquiums, which provide a valuable opportunity for exchange with other doctoral candidates.
As a rule, doctoral candidates must take an oral examination, the “rigorusum,” after completing their dissertation.

Icon International It is possible to have degrees earned in a foreign country recognized to receive admission as a doctoral candidate at the University of Freiburg. However, it is often necessary to fulfill additional prerequisites, e.g., take additional courses, before beginning work on the doctorate. For more information or to arrange an advising appointment, please contact International Admissions and Services (IAS).

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